[1]应之丁,梁 晖.基于试验与仿真相结合的空气制动流体方程解析[J].机车电传动,2019,(06):71-77.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2019.06.017]
 YING Zhiding,LIANG Hui.Air Brake Fluid Equation Analysis Based on the Combinationof Test and Simulation[J].Electric Drive for Locomotives,2019,(06):71-77.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2019.06.017]
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基于试验与仿真相结合的空气制动流体方程解析()
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机车电传动[ISSN:1000-128X/CN:43-1125/U]

卷:
期数:
2019年06期
页码:
71-77
栏目:
研究开发
出版日期:
2019-11-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
Air Brake Fluid Equation Analysis Based on the Combinationof Test and Simulation
文章编号:
1000-128X(2019)06-0071-07
作者:
应之丁梁 晖
(同济大学 铁道与城市轨道交通研究院,上海 201804)
Author(s):
YING Zhiding LIANG Hui
( Institute of Rail Transit, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China )
关键词:
空气制动试验半实物仿真方程解析重载列车
Keywords:
air brake experiment hardware-in-the-loop simulation equation analysis heavy-duty freight train
分类号:
U292.92+1;U270.35
DOI:
10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2019.06.017
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
国内重载货运列车技术发展迅速,尤其是新型货车制动机技术,对长大编组的列车而言,进行空气制动性能试验的难度也在增加。每辆货车制动机结构的特性和设计参数相同,并且单车试验性能一致,但在列车管初充气和制动缓解工况下气压传递过程有所不同。通过建立列车制动管路气压数学模型,结合单阀、单车实物试验,建立整列车关于制动工况和缓解工况的半实物仿真试验平台。半实物仿真试验平台要求仿真模型通过硬件接口进行实时控制,并根据试验采集的真实数据,对模型进行修正,确保建立的试验仿真模型合理与科学,并运用制动空气流体力学方程进行解析与求解。文章采用空气动力学偏微分方程组求解,运用特征线法和气容容积充放气模型进行解析仿真计算,结合修正函数进行实时修正,实现半实物仿真试验系统实时控制的功效,为建立智能化试验平台,建立理想的数学模型提供理论基础。
Abstract:
With the rapid development of heavy haul freight train technology in China, especially the new type of freight car brake technology, the difficulty of air brake performance test for long formation trains is also increasing. The structural characteristics and design parameters of each truck brake are the same, and the performance of single vehicle test is the same, but the process of air pressure transmission is different under the condition of initial inflation of train tube and braking relief. By establishing the mathematical model of air pressure in train brake pipeline and combining the single valve and single vehicle physical test, the semi-physical simulation test platform of whole train about brake condition and mitigation condition was established. The hardware-in-the-loop test platform required that the simulation model was controlled in real time through hardware interface, and the model was revised according to the real data collected from the test to ensure the rationality and scientificity of the established test simulation model, and the brake aerodynamics equation was used for analysis and solution. In this paper, the aerodynamic partial differential equations method was used, and the characteristic line method and the gas volumetric charge and discharge model were used for analytical simulation calculation. Combined with the correction function for real-time correction, the real-time control of the semi-physical simulation test system was realized, which provided a theoretical basis for intelligent test platform and an ideal mathematical model.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
作者简介:应之丁(1965—),男,副教授,硕士生导师,主要从事轨道车辆制动的研究。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-11-10